D. Q. Lu* & S. Q. Dai, “Generation of unsteady waves by concentrated disturbances in an inviscid fluid with an inertial surface”, Acta Mechanica Sinica, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 267-275, Springer-Verlag & Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Jun. 2008.
The surface waves generated by unsteady concentrated disturbances in an initially quiescent fluid of infinite depth with an inertial surface are analytically investigated for two- and three-dimensional cases. The fluid is assumed to be inviscid, incompressible and homogenous. The inertial surface represents the effect of a thin uniform distribution of non-interacting floating matter. Four types of unsteady concentrated disturbances and two kinds of initial values are considered, namely an instantaneous/oscillating mass source immersed in the fluid, an instantaneous/oscillating impulse on the surface, an initial impulse on the surface of the fluid, and an initial displacement of the surface. The linearized initial-boundary-value problem is formulated within the framework of potential flow. The solutions in integral form for the surface elevation are obtained by means of a joint Laplace-Fourier transform. The asymptotic representations of the wave motion for large time with a fixed distance-to-time ratio are derived by making use of the method of stationary phase. The effect of the presence of an inertial surface on the wave motion is analyzed. It is found that the wavelengths of the transient dispersive waves increase while those of the steady-state progressive waves decrease. All the wave amplitudes decrease in comparison with those of conventional free-surface waves. The explicit expressions for the free-surface gravity waves can readily be recovered by the present results as the inertial surface disappears.
Key words: Waves, inertial surface, concentrated disturbances, asymptotic presentation
发表刊物：Acta Mechanica Sinica